This page provides a brief about the major events that took place on this land affecting the sovereignty and freedom of its people and leading them to form the country of the United Arab Emirates. Their policy of not interfering in the affairs of the emirates changed. In 1892, they entered into Exclusive Agreements with the Trucial States by virtue of which the Trucial States could neither dispose any of their territories except to the United Kingdom nor enter into relationships with any foreign government without the consent of the United Kingdom. Neolithic life in the area collapsed just after 4000BC when the climate deteriorated. In 1981, the UAE co-founded the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) along with Kingdom of Bahrain, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, State of Kuwait, State of Qatar and Sultanate of Oman 4. After this journey, he wrote a detailed report on his encounters and provided a chart and a map of the Bay of Muscat. On 2 December 1971, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was declared as an independent, sovereign and federal state. The archaeological finds show the emergence of the first use of falaj irrigation systems that enabled the extraction of groundwater for continuous cultivation in the dry climate. Indeed, Dubai has come a long, long way – especially in recent times. Meanwhile, around the beginning of the 18th century, the Qawasim section of the Huwalah tribe had gained power mainly in Musandam and the northern and eastern areas of the Arabian Gulf. The area's history can be traced back to 6000 B.C. By learning about its past, however, we can fully appreciate its current development, and look forward to the city’s future. A percentage of revenues from each emirate is allocated to the UAE's central budget. On 18 July 1971, the Rulers of six of the seven emirates that made up the Trucial States, (except Ras Al Khaimah), decided to form a union. It further provided that the appointment and discharge of the Commander in Chief of these forces and the Chief of the General Staff shall be by a Federal decree and that the Federation may have Federal Security Forces. In return, the British would defend the emirates from foreign aggression. The Ottomans challenged them from time to time but could not expel them. The late H. H. Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, the then Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah had many concerns with regard to joining the federation. History of the UAE. It is believed that there were metal factories. The area and the surrounding region was referred to as Arabian Peninsula. Then arose the Ya'arabi forces that ousted the Portuguese from Julfar and Dibba in 1633, retook Sohar in 1643 and recaptured Muscat in 1650. Sea trade prospered between the Gulf region and other areas in South East Asia and West Africa coast, and ships craftsmanship spread in the region. By 1560, they reached the height of their maritime power and established a semi-monopoly of the pepper and spice trade. By 1515, they fought their way into the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Oman and established themselves there by force of arms. These tombs were built for a large group of people, who buried their dead ... Amr bin al'As visited Oman and Sohar and brought the Prophet's message to the kings of Oman, while Abu Al-Ala'a Al-Hadrami visited Bahrain for the same purpose. Login or create an account to save your favourites and receive personalised recommendations. He described the Arabian Gulf's coast from Qatar to Ras Al Khaimah and mentioned the Portuguese fortress at Kalba. However, each emirate would retain responsibility for judicial and other internal affairs. This series of agreements led to the area being called as the ‘Trucial States' or ‘Trucial Coast’. Explore Dubai's history! Sheikh Zayed, along with Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the then Ruler of Dubai met on 18 February 1968, at Al Samha in today’s Abu Dhabi near the south-western boundary of Dubai. Our quick journey to the history of Dubai will take you from a humble fishing village to the world’s most iconic metropolises. This meeting made the following historical declaration: “The Supreme Council felicitates the people of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Arab people, and our friends around the world, and declares the United Arab Emirates as an independent sovereign state being a part of the Arab World.”.

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